Competition Policy and Law Group
Through the Competition Policy and Law Group (CPLG), APEC encourages market discipline, works to help eliminate distortions, as well as promote economic efficiency. The group promotes understanding of regional competition laws and policies, examines their impact on trade and investment flows, and identifies areas for technical cooperation and capacity building among member economies.
The CPLG, formerly known as Competition Policy and Deregulation Group, was established in 1996, when the Osaka Action Agenda (OAA) work programs on competition policy and deregulation were combined. In 1999, APEC Ministers endorsed the APEC Principles to Enhance Competition and Regulatory Reform and approved a road map which established the basis for subsequent work on strengthening markets in the region. In 2008, members agreed to change the name of the group to the Competition Policy and Law Group to reflect the fact the regulatory aspects of competition are now being discussed within the framework of the Economic Committee (EC).
The CPLG meets annually. Its most recent meeting was held in March 2019, in Santiago, Chile (meeting summary).
At CPLG meetings, member economies update each other about their respective competition policies and laws, including recent cases. Members also discussed the issue of bid rigging in public procurement.
The CPLG is responsible for practical aspects of competition law and enforcement to develop and enhance competition law and policy in APEC member economies. The group’s activities include:
- Exchanging information through a regional database.
- Sharing new developments in terms of the law, the comparative aspects of competition law, the role of the courts, the degree of autonomy granted to competition authorities, better methods to improve the success of monitoring and the enforcement of the law, and appropriate remedies.
- Understanding and analyzing the legal and regulatory issues from the members involved.
- Sharing experiences and expertise on activities relevant to the implementation of competition policies, using international instruments, to develop good practice.
- Identifying areas for capacity building and technical cooperation on the implementation of best practices in competition policies.
- Conducting outreach and public relations for the benefit of APEC stakeholders.
Last page update: April 2019
In March 2019, the CPLG held a Seminar on Economic Analysis in Horizontal and Non-Horizontal Mergers.
One of the main goals for the CPLG is to support the Economic Committee to enact the instruction from the Structural Reform Ministerial Meeting (September 2015 in Cebu, Philippines) to “encourage member economies to undertake a self-assessment of barriers to competition, including a review of current competition laws and policies”. A major step in this direction is CPLG’s successful work with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on the development of the APEC-OECD Framework on Competition Assessments, which includes a competition assessment checklist.
Other recent activities include:
Workshop on Merger Control Regimes Used by APEC Economies
Held on 1-2 March 2018, the workshop focused on certain aspects of a merger control regimes and competition law enforcement in APEC region, including types of merger control regimes (voluntary or mandatory), penalties for non-compliance and international regulatory cooperation for mergers.
Seminar on Investigative Powers of Competition Agencies
Held on 24-25 February 2017, this seminar saw experts from the United States and Mexico conduct training on their effective use of investigative powers.
Seminar on Economics of Competition Policy
Held on 22-23 February 2017, this seminar saw world-leading experts provide an overview of current challenges for competition policy and law.
Seminar on OECD Self-Assessment of Barriers to Competition
Held on 20-21 February 2017 in Nha Trang, Viet Nam. The seminar promoted the use of competition assessments to improve regulatory frameworks.
Progress continues the online Competition Policy and Law Database, which has received positive responses and acceptance by the international community. Chinese Taipei reports an increased number of visitors to the database.
Held on 24-25 February 2017, this Seminar saw experts from the United States and Mexico conducting training on their effective use of investigative powers.
Progress continues on the online Competition Policy and Law Database, which has received positive responses and acceptance by international community. Chinese Taipei reports an increased number of visitors to the database.
Held on 20-21 February 2017 in Nha Trang, Viet Nam. The Seminar promoted the use of competition assessments to improve regulatory frameworks.
Mr Sebastián Castro
Mr Pavel BRONNIKOV