APEC’s Emergency Preparedness activities in 2016:
APEC Senior Disaster Management Officials Forum (SDMOF)
The 10th SDMOF, held in Iquitos, Peru, on 8-9 October 2016 and chaired by the Honorable Alberto Manuel Lozada Frias, head of National Institute of Civil Defense (INDECI). With the theme of the 10thSDMOF “Emergency Preparedness for Supply Chain and Emergency Food Security”, officials from APEC economies and representatives of international agencies recognized that disasters threaten food security of the most vulnerable populations. They also agree that disasters hinder trade and create challenges of different scope such as losses in livelihoods, diseases, and food scarcities. In that regard, officials recognized the importance of exploring food needs of the most vulnerable in emergencies and invite all member economies to share their experiences on social protection systems; supply chain management with a focus on addressing food security needs; disaster insurance mechanisms for improved food security in disasters; and private public partnerships for addressing emergency food needs. Outcome of the 10th SDMOF.
APEC Workshop on Strengthening Public Alert and Early Warning Capacity
This project, Strengthening Public Alert & Early Warning Capacity, was approved by APEC member economies through BMC in 2015.. The project includes an interactive workshop, which offers APEC economies the opportunity to share best practices, build valuable expert networks, and discuss common principles to support the improvement of early warning capacity in the region.
Many APEC economies have established public alert and warning systems as first tier emergency preparedness efforts. However, disaster risk reduction efforts in the region could be further improved through peer-to-peer learning and harnessing existing expertise in this area. To this end, the United States has developed an APEC Study:Strengthening Public Alert and Warning Capacity in APEC Economies. The results of this study – which examines the outcome of an APEC-wide survey and desk review of member economies’ current public alert and warning capabilities and challenges – was shared and discussed at the APEC Workshop on Strengthening Public Alert and Early Warning Capacity, held in Iquitos, Peru on 6-7 October 2016.
APEC Workshop: Tsunami Disaster Risk Reduction in APEC Economies
Tsunami directly affects both maritime cities and rural areas near the coast dependent on diverse economic activities, in particular fishing, aquaculture and fish processing industries, agriculture at coastal areas as well as coastal and marine tourism. Many APEC economies also have been directly suffering from damages of tsunami disasters and the increasing integrated and interlinked production and supply chains could indirectly be affected once a huge tsunami hit some member economies. Comprehensive anti-tsunami policies are crucial for member economies to face mega tsunami. In that connection, the workshop that was held in Lima, Peru on 16 August 2016, identified the status of anti-tsunami policies and measures in member economies, discuss major challenges to be addressed by EPWG and strengthen partnership with private sector in promoting anti-tsunami.
Workshop on Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM)
This activity held in Ha Long, Viet Nam on 18-19 September 2015, aimed to further strengthen APEC’s efforts to build community resilience and preparedness for emergencies and natural disasters. The participants of the workshop identified the gaps and capacity building needs related to CBDRM; exchanged points of view and various policy recommendations on CBDRM; and enhanced APEC’s cooperation with international organizations for community resilience to disasters. The workshop was focused on sharing best practices, lessons learnt, application of new solutions and tools to support the local authority in implementing the CBDRM at community level among APEC members. Participants suggested recommendations for APEC to enhance APEC member economies’ capability to manage disasters.
The 3rdWorkshop on Application of Big Data and Open Data to Emergency Preparedness
The event that took place in Chinese Taipei on October 29-30, 2015 gave the delegates the chance to provide synergies between multiple fora and member economies in order to promote open data and create a safer trade environment to favor global supply chain resilience by better enhancing quality of business continuity plan as well as upgrade safety of tourism business by revealing transparent risk and boost cooperation on critical infrastructure protection. Main objectives were to investigate current status of application and demands of data through a region-wide survey; to develop a roadmap of capacity building on assisting member economies in establishing big data; to promote open data for creating safer trade environment; and to formulate a mechanism sharing open data to strengthen emergency preparedness.
Workshop on Promoting Disaster Risk Management and Hazard Mapping to Better Understand Potential Risks to the Supply Chain
Under the Transportation Working Group, this cross-fora initiative led by the United States allowed EPWG delegates to participate in the workshop held in Lima, Peru on 4-6 May 2015, and gave them the chance to build skills on using risk modelling and hazard mapping to promote supply chain resilience as well as to exploring different hazard mapping tools through informative panels, interactive group activities, and break-out sessions.