The SCSC work in areas ranging from good regulatory practices, product and food safety, standards and conformance education, and environment/energy efficiency standards.

Food Safety

The SCSC established the APEC Food Safety Cooperation Forum (FSCF) in 2007, recognizing that food safety and internationally-harmonized food standards are key factors in improving public health and safety, and in facilitating trade in food for APEC economies. The FSCF is made up of the food safety regulators and focuses on regulatory cooperation and promotion of international standards and best practices. FSCF launched the Partnership Training Institute Network (PTIN), a public private partnership to build food safety capacity in the region. The work of FSCF and PTIN led to the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between APEC SCSC-FSCF and the World Bank in 2011, which paved the way for the development of a Global Food Safety Partnership (GFSP). GFSP brings some of the APEC food safety capacity building work to a wider, global audience. The ongoing SCSC projects aligned with the World Bank’s GFSP include the multi-year project “Building convergence in Food Safety Standards and Regulatory Systems” and the new project started in 2015: Preparing Trainers to Deliver Sustainable Education to Prevent Food Safety Concerns Threatening Aquaculture Development including Related Concerns for Disease Management”.

Wine Standards

The elimination of unnecessary export certifications was identified as a key goal of the first WRF meeting in 2011.  In 2015, the WRF Working Group on Export Certificates completed the development of the APEC Model Wine Export Certificate reflecting a consolidation of existing requirements found in export certificates most frequently used in wine trade among the APEC economies, including certificates of origin, authenticity/free sale, and health/sanitation.  This idea emanated from a consolidated wine document that the People’s Republic of China (China) and the United States established in 2014.

In May 2016, the APEC Model Wine Export Certificate was endorsed by the CTI at SOM II in Arequipa, Peru, clearing the way for its implementation by APEC economies.  The 2016 endorsement of the Model fulfilled the goals of the following 2014 and 2015 APEC leadership statements:

"To increase wine production, to expand trade, and to create jobs in the region, we commit to eliminating unnecessary export certification for wine by 2018 and instruct officials to advance this work."  2014 Joint Ministerial Statement

"We recall the Wine Regulatory Forum’s goal to eliminate unnecessary export certifications by 2018 as a step towards reducing the cost of wine trade in the region and welcome its efforts to develop a consolidated APEC wine certificate." 2015 Ministers for Trade Statement 

"We note the work of the Wine Regulatory Forum, under the Sub-Committee on Standards and Conformance (SCSC), on the model wine export certificate as a means to streamline export certificate requirements.  We instruct officials to explore other areas where similar trade facilitative initiatives may be applied." 2015 Joint Ministerial Statement

We congratulate the SCSC Wine Regulatory Forum (WRF) for fulfilling its goal to develop a consolidated APEC wine certificate, which will facilitate wine trade in the APEC region.  We look forward to continued work by the WRF to promote reduction and elimination of technical barriers for wine trade including through its efforts to promote good regulatory practices for wine through voluntary implementation of the APEC Model Wine Certificate.” 2016 Ministers for Trade Statement

Adoption of the APEC Model Wine Export Certificate will enable regulators to shift scarce resources currently used to review and stamp wine certificates to higher risk food products.  Based on the similar effort carried out between China and the United States in 2014, for example, the latter has seen a significant reduction in the number of certificates issued for exports to China.  In the first six months after the form went into effect, the United States processed 1,138 export certificates for wine into China, down from 2,193 certificates during the same six month period in the previous year, or a 48% reduction. 

Widespread use of the APEC Model Wine Export Certificate is expected to provide similar efficiencies throughout the APEC region benefiting current trade, but also providing future benefits for economies just beginning to export wine.  It should also be noted that the model wine export certificate is only to be used by economies which currently require certifications and does not apply to, nor should be used by, economies where no certifications are required. 

As part of a separate WRF effort to encourage regulatory coherence and information sharing on wine trade, economies provide twice-yearly updates on their regulatory requirements for wine, including export certifications, for the FIVS-Abridge database.  Going forward, economies will also be requested to indicate whether they have adopted the APEC Model Wine Certificate in lieu of preexisting requirements.

The APEC Model Wine Certificate and its instructions are available on the WRF website.  Implementation of the Model will be a key activity of the WRF during the remaining years of the project, 2016-2018. 

Electrical and Electronic Equipment Standards

TILF Pathfinder Initiative: Mutual Recognition Arrangement on Conformity Assessment of Electrical and Electronic Equipment

In 1996, building on the preceding work on the Food and Food Products MRA, the SCSC agreed to concentrate on the electronic and electric equipment sector as the next priority area to develop a MRA. In 1997, an ad hoc Expert Working Group of the SCSC began the work on the Electrical and Electronic Equipment MRA (EEMRA). The SCSC endorsed the final text of the EEMRA, the Terms of Reference for the EEMRA Joint Advisory Committee (JAC, renamed to the Joint Regulatory Advisory Committee or JRAC in 2009), and the Implementation Guide for EEMRA in 1999. The objective of the EEMRA is to enable mutual recognition of conformity assessment with a view to facilitating trade in regulated electrical and electronic equipment between member economies. The EEMRA allows for three levels of participation to cater for the different capabilities of member economies’ technical infrastructure and administrative requirements. Currently, 18 member economies participate in Part I of the EEMRA, 5 member economies in Part II, and 4 member economies in Part III.

The JRAC also shared the information on APEC Benchmarking at the 22nd Joint Regulatory Advisory Committee on Electrical and Electronic Equipment Meeting 2017 held in the margin of the SCSC2 meeting in August 2017.

APEC Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mutual Recognition Arrangement (EEMRA)

The Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mutual Recognition Arrangement (EEMRA) is intended to apply to all instances, both pre- and post-market, where test reports or certification are used as the basis for regulatory compliance with respect to electrical and electronic equipment.

For regulators, the EEMRA ensures that comprehensive information relating to member economies' regulatory regimes are available to manufacturers, thereby improving compliance with regulatory requirements. The MRA also provides a 'local' contact should further information be required.

For manufacturers, the EEMRA allows product development, testing, certification, inspection and approval to be obtained within the manufacturers' economy thereby reducing 'time to market,' testing and certification costs. By having mutual recognition of test reports and certification by designated testing and certification bodies respectively, duplicate testing and certification can be avoided when products are being exported to numerous markets.

The EEMRA has three parts reflecting the different levels of participation:

Part I: Information interchange

Information about a participating APEC Member Economy's mandatory requirements on regulated electrical and electronic products is provided in a standardized format to assist those in other APEC Member Economies who may wish to export electrical and electronic products to that economy. At present, 17 Member Economies are participants in Part I of the MRA.

Part II: Acceptance of test reports

Part II of the MRA commits participating APEC Member Economies to mutually accept test reports produced by testing facilities designated by participating economies in accordance with the designation requirements of the EE MRA. The designation requirements are in accordance with the relevant ISO/IEC Standards and do not require re-testing.

Part III: Acceptance of certification

Part III commits a participating importing APEC economy to accept product certification (including batch testing) produced by certification bodies designated by participating exporting economies in accordance with the designation requirements of the EE MRA. The designation requirements are in accordance with the relevant ISO/IEC Guide. Certification bodies may issue product certificates (Certificate of Conformity), which are acceptable in participating importing economies, thus negating the need to re-certify the product.

Member Economy

Part I

Part II

Part III

Latest Update (Part I)

Australia

1999

2002

2002

2013

Brunei Darussalam

2003

2007

2007

2007

Chile

2000

-

-

2017

China

1999

-

-

2009

Hong Kong, China

2000

-

-

2017

Indonesia

1999

-

-

2014

Japan

1999

-

-

2016

Korea

1999

-

-

2015

Malaysia

1999

2006

-

2017

New Zealand

1999

2003

2003

2017

Papua New Guinea

2009

-

-

2009

Peru

2011

-

-

2009

Philippines

1999

-

-

2017

Russia

2000

-

-

2009

Singapore

1999

2002

2002

2016

Chinese Taipei

1999

-

-

2017

Thailand

1999

-

-

2017

Viet Nam

2000

-

-

2006

Good Regulatory Practices (GRP)

The SCSC’s work on good regulatory practices led to the 2011 APEC Leader’s Declaration to strengthen the implementation these practices in economies (Annex D). Good Regulatory Practices, or GRPs, also support the Committee on Trade and Investment’s ongoing work on regulatory coherence. Starting in 2015, the SCSC and the Economic Committee have been the alternating hosts for the annual GRP Conferences.

Following the EC–SCSC 9th Conference on Good Regulatory Practices (GRP) organized by the EC in 2016, the 10th Conference on GRP, organized by SCSC, was held at the margins of the Third Senior Officials Meeting in 2017.

Environmental standards

Green Buildings

A series of workshops were held from 2012 to 2014 under the APEC multi-year project on “The Role of Standards and Conformity Assessment Measures in Enhancing the Performance and Energy Efficiency of the Commercial Building Sector,” which was built upon the workshop on “Sustainability in Building Construction (Commercial Buildings)” held in Washington DC in March 2011. The year 2013 saw the successful conclusion of two workshops, including the workshop on “Sharing Experiences in the Design and Implementation of Green Building Codes in the APEC Economies” held in March in Lima, Peru and the second workshop on “How Building Information Modeling Standards Can Improve Building Performance” in June in Medan, Indonesia.

Energy Efficiency for ICT Products

The SCSC also oversees the implementation of “Aligning Energy Efficiency Regulations for ICT Products – Implementing A Strategic Approach”, the first project under the forum to focus on global convergence of energy efficiency (EE) regulations for ICT products, building upon principles supported at the 2011 APEC Conference on Alignment of EE Regulations and actions agreed upon at the 2012 conference in Seoul. The project will entail: 1) Leveraging international certification/testing agreements, such as the IEC EE E3 Program, to meet conformity assessment requirements; 2) Utilization of internationally accepted test methods for energy efficiency of priority products (such as PCs, servers, network standby and printers); and 3) Promoting greater data sharing among economies on energy performance of ICT products to ensure greater consistency in methods for standards development and regulatory limits.

Solar Energy

The solar initiative encompasses three activities: a) a survey of APEC member economies on three categories of solar technologies (photovoltaic cells, solar water heaters, concentrated solar power); b) a Conference on Trade Impacts of Solar Technologies Standards and Conformity Assessment Measures was held in San Francisco in September 2011; and c) a Conference on Photovoltaic Reliability and Durability was held in Chinese Taipei in October 2011.

Energy Efficiency Management Standards

The Conference on the Implementation of Energy Management Systems Standards was held in September 2011. This was led by the Pacific Area Standards Congress (PASC), and sought to promote the use of energy efficiency and conservation management systems by government and private sector entities that are supported by credible and competent certification systems throughout the region.

Standards and Conformance Education

The five-year Standards and Conformance Education Initiative was implemented from 2007 to 2011. The Phase III resulted in a trial program for higher education and the consolidation of a casebook from fourteen universities. The five year project encompassed four publications, seven meetings/workshops, the development and maintenance of an information portal on standards education. These activities have resulted in heightened visibility for standards education in the APEC region.

Korea implemented the self-funded project "Inspiring Next Generation of Standards Professionals Development: Phase 2. Developing Career Path & Career Map (SCSC 02 2017S)" during the period of 2017 August to 2018 February. This project has been designed to collect best practices of leading professionals and institutions in the region, and to develop competency requirements, career roadmap and vision for younger professionals. Korea organized the project workshop on 23-24 January in Singapore. Korea plans to prepare a draft report by September 2018 for circulation.

Korea contributes to this area also by the 12th International Standards Olympiad held in August 2017 and plans to organize the 13th International Standards Olympiad directed to middle and high school students, which is to be held in August 2018.